AGFD Neil Da Costa  Sunday, August 28, 2011 

12 - Soviet/Russian space food from Vostok to Mir

Neil C Da Costa,, R&D, IFF, Middletown, NJ 07735, United States

The Russians were the first to launch a man into space. On 12th April 1961 Yuri Gagarin completed one orbit of the Earth before returning safely. On the second Russian manned flight some small snacks became the first food sampled in space. Since then space food has developed greatly. In more recent years the focus has been on nutrition and counteracting decalcification of the human skeleton which occurs naturally in microgravity. Food growing experiments in space became a regular feature of Russian Salyut space station long duration missions. This was characterized by fruits, vegetables and crop growth in miniature greenhouses and in sustaining small birds and even fish as potential food sources. Also the supply of fresh fruits and vegetables by the Progress supply craft. All amounting to a long term strategy to go to Mars and back.

The food flavors have been uniquely Russian to boost morale on long duration trips of up to a year and a half. Thus it has appealed to Russian cosmonauts, but not always their American counterparts who are used to a more Western variety of cuisine. This paper attempts to show the history and development of food in space from the Russian perspective.

Sunday, August 28, 2011 01:05 PM
Food for Extreme Environments (01:00 PM - 04:20 PM)
Location: Colorado Convention Center
Room: 505


*ACS does not own copyrights to the individual abstracts. For permission, please contact the author(s) of the abstract.


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